Beloit College > Chemistry > Nanochemistry

Chemistry plays a significant role in the emerging interdisciplinary fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The nanoscale refers to materials with dimensions on the scale of nanometers (a thousandth of a thousandth of a thousandth of a meter). Control of the material world at the scale of atoms and molecules can produce materials with fundamentally different properties and behavior and has been touted as the next technological revolution. Some questions we will consider include: What nanotechnology already exists? What makes nanomaterials special? How can they be prepared? What tools can be used to study such materials? Three class periods and one laboratory period per week. (U) Offered in even years after 2019.

Prerequisite: Previous chemistry or physics background. No specific course is required but you should have experience doing and recording laboratory work.


Spring 2019 Nanochemistry Lisensky

 First Half

Jan 21 Class: Nanochemistry Basics
Jan 23 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, Introduction (pages 1-10).
Discussion of Reading: Nanotech Promise (2007) by Peterson and Heller from Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
Discussion of Reading: The invisible giant: a future enabled by nanotechnology (2013), Section 1.2 in European Commission Nanotechnology Report.
Discussion of Video: Water filter (2015) from Liquidity Nanotech (youtube)
Discussion of Video: Filtering Drinking Water with Nanofibers (2016) from MIT Technology Review or youtube.
Skim: "Electrochromic energy storage devices," Materials Today, September 2016, 394-402.
Skim: "Rocking Chair Desalination Battery Based on Prussian Blue Electrodes," ACS Omega, 2017, 4, 1653-1659.
Lab: Electrochromic Prussian Blue Thin Films. See required lab notebook format and using our multimeters.
Jan 25 Literature reports 1A
Choose a recent nano article that you understand from Nanoletters or ACS NANO or Nanoscale Advances. Focus primarily on a figure or two in the paper and be familiar with the experimental section. Be sure to check for supplementary information (movies and the experimental section may be located there). By end of Wednesday email to claim a paper by including a link to the abstract. Papers that have been selected will be posted here. On Friday, present the figure(s) in a short oral report and answer questions about the experimental details. Test questions in this course will be drawn from these student selected papers, so for the rest of the class your presentation is a practice test.

1. Owen, "Effective Wound Healing Enabled by Discrete Alternative Electric Fields from Wearable Nanogenerators"
2. Suzannah, "Self-Assembly of Hybrid Nanorods for Enhanced Volumetric Performance of Nanoparticles in Li-Ion Batteries"
3. Ross, "Organic Monomolecular Layers Enable Energy Level Matching for Efficient Hole Transporting Layer Free Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells"
   
Jan 28 Class: Consumer Products
Lab notebook due for Electrochromic Prussian Blue. See required lab notebook format.
Jan 30 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, Concepts (Chapter 1).
Discussion of Reading: "Superhydrophobic and superoleophobic properties in nature," Materials Today, June 2015, 273-285.
Discussion of Video: Lotus Effect (2011) or Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
Discussion of Video: Nasturtium Leaves (2013).
Discussion of Video: Non-Stick Nanocoating for Efficient Shipping (2011) or EU Research Media Center or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Anti-icing Superhydrophobic coating (2009) or youtube.
Skim: "Icephobicity studies of superhydrophobic coatings on concrete via spray method," Materials Letters, 2018, 233, 263–266.
Lab: Octadecanethiol Monolayer on Silver (main experiment, do this first) and Microcontact Printing of Thiols (an extension of the main experiment but begin the PDMS preparation while the ethanol is evaporating in the main experiment.) Be sure to plan how these experiments fit together,
Movie: Background information (self assembly)
Feb 1 Literature reports 1B
1. Katiana: "A Cocktail-Inspired Male Birth Control Strategy with Physical/Chemical Dual Contraceptive Effects and Remote Self-Cleared Properties"
2. Kangying: "Temperature-controlled spectral tuning of full-color carbon dots and their strongly fluorescent solid-state polymer composites for light-emitting diodes"
3. Anthony: "A Wearable Transient Pressure Sensor Made with MXene Nanosheets for Sensitive Broad-Range Human–Machine Interfacing"
4. Kaela: "Smart Contact Lenses with Graphene Coating for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding and Dehydration Protection"
   
Feb 4 Class: Metal Nanoparticles
Lab notebook due for Octadecanethiol Monolayer on Silver and Microcontact Printing
Feb 6 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, Gold (Chapter 3).
Skim: Crystal structures of gold nanoparticles (jmol).
Discussion of Video: Naomi Halas, Interview and Video, PBS Nova (2005) or youtube
Discussion of Video: Gold Nanoshells, Synthesis and Demonstration (2009) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Synthesis of Hollow Gold Nanospheres (2010) or youtube.
Skim: Science Translational Medicine, 27 October 2010 or NIH.
Skim: Rice team achieves a cancer milestone, Houston Chronicle, November 2012.
Skim: Solar Vapor Generation Enabled by Nanoparticles, ACS Nano, 7(1), 42-49 (2013).
Skim: Using Gold Nanoparticles to Kill Cancer, Physics Central, APS, April 2016 and movie.
Skim: Exploding nanobubbles can kill cancer cells, Science, AAAS, February 2016.
Discussion of Video: Researchers Look To Gold To Help Combat Prostate Cancer, Mount Sinai Health System (2018) or youtube
Discussion of Reading: Liposuction Goes Nano, C&E News, June 16, 2014, 32-33.
Skim: Gold Nanoparticle-assisted Selective Photothermolysis of Adipose Tissue, Plast. Reconstr. Surg. Global Open, December 2014, 2(12) e283.
Lab: Three Syntheses of Gold Nanoparticles and Sodium Borohydride Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles and Microwave-assisted Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles. Write up the five syntheses with five different purpose, method, and actions and observations sections, each on a different page of your notebook. Since you will be doing five syntheses you can only spend 30 minutes on each. Write a combined conclusion section for the five experiments in which you answer the questions as you summarize and make comparisons.
Feb 8 Literature reports 1C
1. Robert, "Direct Observation of Gas Meniscus Formation on a Superhydrophobic Surface"
2. Fabian, "Rapid Colorimetric Detection of Bacterial Species through the Capture of Gold Nanoparticles by Chimeric Phages"
3. Gabe, "Approaching the Volcano Top: Iridium/Silicon Nanocomposites as Efficient Electrocatalysts for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction"
4. Dhanvanthri. "Carbon Nanotubes and Related Nanomaterials: Critical Advances and Challenges for Synthesis toward Mainstream Commercial Applications"
   
Feb 11 Class: Nanowires
Lab notebook due for Gold and Silver Nanoparticles, five syntheses with one conclusion.
Feb 13 Discussion of Reading: “Nanoparticles Probe Biosystems,” Materials Today, Feb 2004, 36-43.
Discussion of Reading: “Directed assembly of nanowires,” Materials Today, May 2009, 34-43.
Discussion of Reading: “Programming Assembly," Inorg. Chem. 39, 2258 (2000).
Discussion of Reading: “Nanowires made from silver are super stretchy," Nature Materials, 16, p. 439–445 (2017).
Discussion of Video: Chad Mirkin (2009) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Chad Mirkin: Gold Nanoparticles & The Future of Medical Diagnostics (2012) or youtube
Discussion of Video: Gold Nanoparticles or NOVA "Making Stuff: Smaller" (2011) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Non-chemotoxic Induction of Cancer Cell Death Using Magnetic Nanowires (2015) or vimeo
Discussion of Video: Gold particles have a new use – finding defects in 3D printing (2018) or youtube
Lab: Synthesis of Nickel Nanowires. You should get as far as obtaining the XRD in the filter or at least leaving the labeled sample to be run. Watch at least one XRD sample so you will know how to use the instrument next week. See using our multimeters.
Feb 15 Literature reports 2A
1. Owen, "Vertical Silicon Nanowire Thermoelectric Modules with Enhanced Thermoelectric Properties"
2. Suzannah, "Engineering Nanowire-Mediated Cell Lysis for Microbial Cell Identification"
3. Ross, "A Paper-Like Inorganic Thermal Interface Material Composed of Hierarchically Structured Graphene/Silicon Carbide Nanorods"
4. Kangying,"Ultrafast-Charging Silicon-Based Coral-Like Network Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries with High Energy and Power Densities"
   
Feb 18 Class: Photonics
No lab notebook due
Feb 20 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, Silica (Chapter 2).
Skim: “Nanostructure Polymers for Photonics,” Materials Today, April 2008, pages 48-56.
Discussion of Reading: “P-Ink and Elast-Ink,” Materials Today, July 2008, pages 44-51.
Discussion of Reading: “Smelling chemicals with a photonic nose,” SPIE (2011).
Skim: Opalux Products (2015).
Discussion of Reading: “Keeping Good Company with the Chameleon,” Materials Views (2015).
Skim: “Electronic Qubit Integrated Into Solid-State Switch,” or IEEE Spectrum, 12 Feb 2016.
Skim: “Plasmonics Make Electrochromic Polymers Fast Enough for Video,” or IEEE Spectrum, 28 April 2016.
Skim: “Brighter Displays Come From the Wings of a Butterfly,” or IEEE Spectrum, 3 June 2016.
Discussion of Reading: “Nanophotonic Crystals Separate Real Luxury Watches From the Fakes,” or IEEE Spectrum, 28 June 2016.
Skim: “Flexible and Colorful Electronic Paper Promises a New Look for E-books,” or IEEE Spectrum, 18 October 2016.
Discussion of Video: NatureTech: The Material World, (2006) BBC Part 4 or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Operating Opalux P-Ink Device with a Battery (2010) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Biomimicry, (2015) General Electric or youtube.
Discussion of Reading: "How to get that old-fashioned light bulb glow without wasting so much energy," Science, 2016.
Discussion of Video: A Bright Future with Photonics, Cather Simpson (2018) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Silicon Photonics, Intel Business (2018) or youtube.
Lab: Begin PMMA Nanospheres - Synthesis first so you can be sure to get to the after the synthesis part today. You will work in one of four groups. Write purpose and method just for today's lab work.
Lab: Finish Nickel Nanowires during the 40 minute PMMA reaction. Obtain free nanowire XRD and do visible microscopy to prepare labeled SEM sample. Measure lengths in SEM images using ImageJ. (See link at bottom of page for SEM data.)
Feb 22 Literature reports 2B
1. Katiana, "Wide-Gamut Plasmonic Color Palettes with Constant Subwavelength Resolution"
2. Anthony, "Transparent Metasurfaces Counteracting Fogging by Harnessing Sunlight"
3. Kaela, "Assembly of Silica Nanowires on Silica Aerogels for Microphotonic Devices"
   
Feb 25 Class: Semiconductors, Metal Oxides, and Piezoelectricity
Lab notebook due for Nickel Nanowires.
Feb 27 Discussion of Reading: “Smart, Clean Surfaces,” Materials Today, Nov 2003, pages 43-48.
Discussion of Reading: "Titanium dioxide: environmental white knight?" Environmental Health Perspectives, Apr 2001, page A174-8.
Discussion of Reading/Audio: Self-Cleaning Glass (2009) from The Naked Scientists.
Discussion of Video: Self-Cleaning Buildings (2012) or EU Research Media Center or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Smog-Eating Buildings (2013) or CNN or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Use the Power of Light to Clean Your Air (2014), or PURETi or youtube
Discussion of Video: Reduce Building Maintenance (2015) or CeramiClean or youtube
Skim: “ZnO – nanostructures, defects, and devices,” Materials Today, May 2007, pages 40-48 but skip the defect section.
Discussion of Reading: “Progress in nanogenerators for portable electronics,” Materials Today, Dec 2012, pages 532-543.
Discussion of Reading: “Breathable and Flexible Piezoelectric ZnO@PVDF Fibrous Nanogenerator for Wearable Applications,” Polymers, July 2018.
Discussion of Reading: “Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles in Food and Personal Care Products,” ES&T, 2012, 46(4), 2242–2250.
Discussion of Reading: “Activists take aim at nanomaterials in Dunkin Donuts” (2014).
Discussion of Reading: “Dunkin Donuts to remove titanium dioxide from donuts” (2015).
Skim: "Metal oxide nanowire chemical sensors: innovation and quality of life," Materials Today, December 2016, 559-567.
Lab: Start Hydrothermal Growth of ZnO Nanorods synthesis (10 minutes). Groups of four should set up the synthesis with two glass squares. Leave the prepared tubes next to the oven for inspection. The actions and observations for the synthesis should be in your notebook.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Synthesis of Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals. The samples you saved in microcentrifuge tubes last week will already be centrifuged for several hours. Carefully remove the liquid and leave sample to dry (no vacuum chamber).
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Optical Diffraction and SEM Determination of Particle Size. You did the dilution step last week. Set up the constant temperature evaporation. It is likely that you will need to try this experiment more than once.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Stokes Law measurements. Photograph needed every 3 or 4 days that includes the full tape height as scale. Measure distances using ImageJ. Do you need to start a new tube?
Mar 1 Literature reports 2C
1. Robert, "Direct Powering a Real Cardiac Pacemaker by Natural Energy of a Heartbeat"
2. Fabian, "MoS2-Based Optoelectronic Gas Sensor with Sub-parts-per-billion Limit of NO2 Gas Detection"
3. Gabe, "Stabilizing and Activating Metastable Nickel Nanocrystals for Highly Efficient Hydrogen Evolution Electrocatalysis"
4. Dhanvanthri, "In Silico Design and Characterization of Graphene Oxide Membranes with Variable Water Content and Flake Oxygen Content"
   
Mar 4 Class: Field Effect Transistors
No lab notebook due
Mar 6 TEST
Lab: Finish ZnO Nanorods measurements. In each group of four, one pair will do XRD, UV, and methylene blue measurements on one slide, and the other pair will do SEM and PEC (bulk electrolysis and cyclic voltammetry) measurements on the other slide. For actions and observations you only need the measurements you did, but data, graphs and conclusions will require you to exchange data and include the results from all six measurements on your duplicate slides.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Stokes Law measurements. Data needed every 3 or 4 days. Measure distances using ImageJ. Show instructor your graph to see if you need to start a new tube.

 Second Half

Mar 8 Literature reports 3A
1. Owen: "Nanofibrous Kevlar Aerogel Films and Their Phase-Change Composites for Highly Efficient Infrared Stealth"
2. Suzannah: "Generalized On-Demand Production of Nanoparticle Monolayers on Arbitrary Solid Surfaces via Capillarity-Mediated Inverse Transfer"
3. Ross: "Perovskite and Conjugated Polymer Wrapped Semiconducting Carbon Nanotube Hybrid Films for High Performance Transistors and Phototransistors"
  MIDTERM BREAK
Mar 18 Class: Carbon Nanotubes
No lab notebook due (but work on ZnO since notebook due Friday. See link at bottom of page for SEM images.)
Mar 20 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, Carbon (Chapter 7).
Discussion of Reading: “Toxicity of single-walled carbon nanotube: How we were wrong?,” Materials Today, January 2010, pages 6-8.
Discussion of Reading: “Carbon nanomaterials for high performance supercapacitors,” Materials Today, July 2013, pages 272-280.
Discussion of Reading: “Ultracentrifugation of single-walled nanotubes,” Materials Today, Dec 2007, 59-60.
Discussion of Reading: “Carbon nanotube-based neat fibers,” Nano Today, Oct 2008, 24-34.
Discussion of Reading: “CNT-Reinforced Ceramics and Metals,” Materials Today, Nov 2004, 44-49.
Discussion of Reading: “Challenges and opportunities for graphene as transparent conductors in optoelectronics,” Nano Today, Dec 2015, 681-700.
Discussion of Video: Polymer Nanotube Composites, Arkema (2009).
Discussion of Video: Blacker than black or NASA (2010) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Carbon Nanotubes or NOVA "Making Stuff: Stronger" (2011) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Spinning Carbon Nanotubes or CSIRO (2005) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Space Elevator (2007) or PBS Nova or youtube
Discussion of Video: Space Elevator interview with Michio Kaku (2011) or Daily Show or youtube
Discussion of Video: Spinning nanotube fibers or Rice University (2014) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Drawing carbon nanotubes on paper, MIT (2012) or youtube
Discussion of Video: Graphene Revolution or GRAFOID (2015) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Victor Badminton Rackets (2014) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: CNT Touch-screen (2011) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Touch-screens from graphene (2015) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: The Age of Graphene: Samsung's Revolutionary Battery Technology (Dec 2017) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: Why graphene hasn't taken over the world...yet, Verge (July 2018) or youtube.
Discussion of Reading: IBM Pushes Beyond 7 Nanometers (pdf) or IEEE Spectrum, 8 Oct 2018
Skim: "Learning from nature: constructing high performance graphene-based nanocomposites," Materials Today, May 2017, 210-219.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Synthesis of Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals. Load dry sample in boat, add TEOS, put boat in tube furnace.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Optical Diffraction and SEM Determination of Particle Size. Measure visible spectrum and prepare labeled sample for SEM. If you do not see a visible absorption peak, set up another evaporation for a better diffraction result.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Stokes Law measurements. Data needed every 3 or 4 days.
Mar 22 Literature reports 3B
1. Katiana, Laser Writing of Scalable Single Color Centers in Silicon Carbide
2. Robert, Solvent Magic for Organic Particles
3. Anthony, Shape and Color Switchable Block Copolymer Particles by Temperature and pH Dual Responses
4. Kaela, Low-Temperature Side Contact to Carbon Nanotube Transistors: Resistance Distributions Down to 10 nm Contact Length

Lab notebook due for ZnO Nanorods. (See link at bottom of page for SEM images.)
   
Mar 25 No class, short lecture on Wednesday: Polymers and Block Copolymers
Mar 27 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, PDMS (Chapter 4).
Discussion of Reading: "Replication of Vertical Features Smaller than 2 nm by Soft Lithography," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2003, 125 (49), pp 14986.
Discussion of Video: "Direct Self-Assembly of Block Copolymers," Dow Chemical (2013) or youtube
Lab: PDMS Soft Lithography. (Due Monday) Start this first so PDMS can cure. Do the optical transform and either the CD or DVD. Be sure to use the side with the features as the mold. Be sure to take data on the original samples while the PDMS is curing.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - SEM Determination of Inverse Opal Hole Size. Prepare sample for SEM. (See link at bottom of page for SEM data.)
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Optical Diffraction. If you did another trial, measure visible spectrum.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Stokes Law measurements. Data needed every 3 or 4 days
Mar 29 Advising Practicum (no class)
   
Apr 1 ACS Meeting so no lecture. You should look over the slides before Wednesday.
Class: Photovoltaics
Lab notebook due for PDMS Soft Lithography
Apr 3 Discussion of Reading: “Power from the sun,” spie oemagazine, April 2003, pages 24-27.
Discussion of Reading: “Plastic Photovoltaic Devices,” Materials Today, Sept 2004, pages 36-40.
Discussion of Reading: “Inorganic Photovoltaic Cells,” Materials Today, November 2007, pages 20-27.
Discussion of Reading: “Third Generation Photovoltaic Cells,” Materials Today, November 2007, pages 42-50.
Discussion of Reading: “Nanoelectrodes: energy conversion and storage,” Materials Today, June 2009, pages 20-27. (FIRST 4 PAGES.)
Discussion of Reading: “Organic photovoltaics,” Materials Today, Dec 2012, pages 554-562.
Discussion of Reading: “Recent advances in dye-sensitized solar cells,” Materials Today, Apr 2015, pages 155-162.
Discussion of Video: Solar Nanopaint, Nova (2007) or youtube.
Discussion of Video: CuInGaSSe (2007), History Channel or youtube.
Discussion of Reading: “Who Pays for Grid Expansions When Homeowners Generate Their Own Electricity?,” or IEEE Spectrum, 23 Jan 2014.
Discussion of Reading: “Perovskite Solar Cell Bests Bugbears, Reaches Record Efficiency,” or IEEE Spectrum, 7 Jan 2015.
Discussion of Reading: “Millions of Chinese-Made Solar Panels,” Pacific Standard, 30 Jun 2015.
Discussion of Reading: “Ultrathin Solar Cells for Lightweight and Flexible Applications,” or IEEE Spectrum, 26 Aug 2015.
Discussion of Reading: “Graphene and Perovskite Lead to Inexpensive and Highly Efficient Solar Cells,” or IEEE Spectrum, 8 Sept 2015.
Discussion of Reading: “Will Nanophotonics Save Solar Power Tech?,” or IEEE Spectrum, 14 Apr 2016.
Discussion of Reading: “Perovskite Solar Cells Grow Better With a Dash of Acrylic Glass,” or IEEE Spectrum, 19 Sept 2016.
Discussion of Reading: “Perovskites Become More Stable,” or IEEE Spectrum, 29 Sept 2016.
Discussion of Reading: “Tesla to launch solar roofs,” C&E News, 7 Nov 2016.
Discussion of Reading: “Tesla Teams With Tiny Hawaiian Utility to Store Solar,” or IEEE Spectrum, 16 Mar 2017.
Discussion of Reading: “Rural Rwanda is home to a pioneering new solar power idea, BBC (2017)
Discussion of Reading: “Power From Commercial Perovskite Solar Cells Is Coming Soon,” or IEEE Spectrum, 4 Jan 2019.
Discussion of Video: Ta'u Microgrid, Solar City (2016) or youtube
Discussion of Video: Tesla Solar Roof, Bloomberg (2017) or youtube
Discussion of Video: Why Tesla is building city-sized batteries, Verge, August, 2018
Skim: "Use of organic materials in dye-sensitized solar cells," Materials Today, June 2017, 267-283.
Lab: Titanium Dioxide Raspberry Solar Cells Start this first! (due Monday) See using our multimeters.
Lab: Finish PMMA Nanospheres - Inverse Opal Properties. Test properties. (See link at bottom of page for SEM data.) 
Lab: Finish PMMA Nanospheres - Optical Diffraction. If you did another trial, measure visible spectrum.
Lab: Continue PMMA Nanospheres - Stokes Law measurements. Data needed every 3 or 4 days
Apr 5 Literature reports 3C
1. Robert
2. Fabian
3. Gabe
4. Dhanvanthri

Apr 6
Saturday
Engineering EXPO at UW Madison. Leave Beloit at 9:00 am and return around 2 pm. Sign up for topic by email.
1. Metallic Glasses
2. Triboelectric Nanogenerators
3. Memory Metal
4. LEDs
5. Crystals
6. Epitaxy
7. Semiconductors & Band Gap

Tips for Engaging Visitors, NISENET
   
Apr 8 Quantum Dots
Lab notebook due for TiO2
Apr 10 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, CdSe (Chapter 5).
Discussion of Reading: “Quantum dot field effect transistors,” Materials Today, Sept 2013, pages 312-325.
Skim: "Surface ligands engineering of semiconductor quantum dots for chemosensory and biological applications," Materials Today, September 2017, 360-376.
Apr 12 Literature reports 4A
1. Owen
2. Suzannah
3. Ross
4.
   
Apr 15 Class: Electrons and Magnetism
Lab notebook due for CdS
Lab notebook due for ZnCuInS3
Apr 17 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, Iron Oxide (Chapter 6).
Discussion of Video: Arsenic Removal, 2006
Skim: "Robust Magnetic/Polymer Hybrid Nanoparticles Designed for Crude Oil Entrapment and Recovery in Aqueous Environments," ACS Nano, 7(9), 7552-7561 (2013).
Discussion of Video: Google Life Sciences Nanoparticle Platform (2014)
Discussion of Video: How this 50-year-old NASA material could kill cancer, Verge, June, 2018

Discussion of Audio: Cheap Memory, NPR, January 22, 2012.
Discussion of Video: Amazon Cloud Cam (2018)
Discussion of Video: 3D XPoint Announcement (2015) or Intel.
Discussion of Video: 3D XPoint Memory Technology (2015) or Intel.
Discussion of Reading: Intel Confirms 2016 Arrival Of 3D XPoint (July 2016).
Discussion of Reading: Intel to Launch 3D XPoint DIMMS in 2018 (Nov 2017).
Discussion of Reading: Why the Future of Data Storage is (Still) Magnetic Tape (pdf) or IEEE Spectrum, 28 Aug 2018
Apr 19 Literature reports 4B
1. Katiana
2. Kangying
3. Anthony
4. Kaela
   
Apr 22 Class: Scanning Probe Microscopies
Lab notebook due for PMMA nanospheres. Since these experiments took more than one week, there will be purpose, method, actions and observations sections for each lab day unless you were just adding another data point. Use the combined results in your conclusions. Remember to show your work as you would for a problem set (you need to include how you measured the data!) A main goal is to compare your four size determinations.
Apr 24 Spring Day (no class or lab)
Apr 26 Literature reports 4C
1. Kangying
2. Fabian
3. Gabe
4. Dhanvanthri
   
Apr 29 Class: LEDs and OLEDs
May 1 TEST
Lab: Organic Light Emitting Diodes (due Monday)
Lab: Finish Ferrofluid XRD (due Monday)
May 3 Meet in 447 for AFM Demonstration
   
May 6 Class: Societal Implications
Lab notebook due (Ferrofluid)
Lab notebook due (oLED)
May 8 Discussion of Reading: Concepts of Nanochemistry, Case Histories (Chapter 8).
Discussion of Reading: "Top ten advances in materials science in the last 50 years" by Jonathan Wood, Materials Today, 11(1), 2008.
Discussion of Reading: "The chips are down for Moore's law", Nature, 530, 144–147 (11 February 2016).
Discussion of Reading: "IBM’s Path to 5-Nanometer Transistors", IEEE Spectrum, (5 June 2017).
Discussion of Reading: "Here's Why Nobody's Talking About Nanotech Anymore" (pdf) or Time, Oct 2015.
Discussion of Reading: “A tale of opportunities, uncertainties, and risks,” NanoToday, February 2008, pages 56-59.
Discussion of Reading: “Everyday Uses of Nanotechnology” or C&E News, October 10, 2016.
Discussion of Reading: “Are There Nanoplastics in Your Personal Care Products?”, Environ. Sci. Technol. Lett., 2017, 4 (7), pp 280–285.
Discussion of Video: "Are Engineered Nanoparticles Dangerous?" (2016), Andrew Maynard, Risk Innovation Lab, Arizona State University or youtube.
Lab: Cleanup (empty counters and drawers and make sure everything is labeled.)

Text

Ludovico Cademartiri and Geoffrey Ozin, Concepts of Nanochemistry, Wiley-VCH (2009), ISBN 978-3-527-32597-9

Literature Sources

Choose a recent nano article that you understand from Nanoletters or ACS NANO or Nanoscale Advances (or from another journal with prior approval.) Focus primarily on a figure or two in the paper and be familiar with the experimental section. Be sure to check for supplementary information (movies and the experimental section may be located there). By end of Wednesday email to claim a paper by including a link to the abstract. Papers that have been selected will be posted above. In class, present the figure(s) in a short oral report and answer questions about the experimental details. Test questions in this course will be drawn from these student selected papers, so for the rest of the class your presentation is a practice test.

Primary journals for this courseOther available sourcesPlaces to find references to articles
American Chemical Society
Nanoletters
ACS NANO

RSC and NCNST
Nanoscale Advances

Some articles in
Nature Nanotechnology
Nanoscale (Royal Society of Chemistry)
Applied Materials and Interfaces (ACS)
Nano Research (Springer)
Journal of Nanoparticle Research (Springer)
Nanoscale Research Letters (Springer)
Materials Today (Elsevier)
Be sure to use the original reference in these news reports but the summaries might be useful and they are a good way to find interesting articles
Materials News (Materials Research Society)
Nanotechnology news stories (PhysOrg)
Latest nanotechnology articles (AZoNano)
Nanotechnology (LiveScience)

Basis of evaluation

• Class participation in discussion of text readings. Come with questions about anything you do not understand.
• Selection of literature article, identification of main figure, familiarity with the experimental section and a short presentation on the article to the class (every 3 weeks). Your article grade will also be based on whether you understand the selected material so select something you understand.
• Laboratory experiments require you to plan ahead and record your work as you do it. In this course experiments also function as weekly problem sets since they involve measurement, calculation, and discussion. What you record in your bound laboratory notebook will constitute about half the points for this course so follow the required notebook format. Notebooks will be due most weeks. Adequately preparing and planning for lab and answering the questions will require several hours outside of class for each experiment.
• Reflection on outreach participation (April 6.) Some possible questions to consider as part of your reflection: What did you do? What worked? What surprised you? What did you learn?
• Two tests. Interpret the figures and text from literature reports by expanding on what is being illustrated, explaining procedures or techniques, indicating why it might be important or making connections to our class readings and laboratory work. Tell more than rewriting the caption. Try to use your interpretation to demonstrate additional knowledge beyond what is shown. You should write on each page for about ten minutes. Being able to list the experiments you have done and knowing the techniques and chemicals used in those experiments will be helpful in making connections. Looking at previous first tests and previous second tests provides examples but different papers will have been presented and different content may have been covered and different labs may have been done.

Accommodations

If you have a disability and need accommodations, contact Learning Enrichment and Disability Services (LEADS) located on second floor Pearsons (north side), 608-363-2572, learning@beloit.edu or make an appointment through joydeleon.youcanbook.me to get an Access Letter. We can then discuss how your learning needs may be appropriately met. You can also apply for free peer tutoring through the Portal (student life tab, then tutoring forms on the left).

2019 Lab images


Last modified January 21, 2019 by George Lisensky

Link to this page