Solids are an important part of our materials-intensive world and at the
foundation of many emerging technologies. This course focuses on the relationships
among structure, composition, and periodic properties; the characterization
of atomic and molecular arrangements in crystalline and amorphous solids
such as metals, minerals, ceramics, semiconductors and proteins; and applications
to the fields of electronics, optics, magnetics, catalysis, and energy generation
and storage. Laboratory work emphasizes the synthesis, purification and
characterization of inorganic compounds. Three class periods and one laboratory
period per week. Offered each fall.
Prerequisite: Chemistry 220 or Chemistry 230 or Geology 200 or Physics 210.
Download the Radial Distribution and Angular Function Program
by G. Lisensky.
The program has a "Check for updates" menu item that can tell you whether you have the latest version.
For Windows, the Windows Universal Runtime is required which is installed by Windows Update. If you get a message about a missing dll, run Windows Update.
Since the Mac OSX applications are not signed, you will need to control-click the app icon and choose Open from the context menu the first time you run it.
Hydrogen Atom Orbital Viewer
by Paul Falstad. Under the View menu, unselect "Energy" but keep the "Phase as Color" option.
When the colors look good, choose "Stopped" in the window so the phase does not keep changing. Note that you can drag the orbital to look
at it from different sides. Drag the applet window to fill the browser window and then print the browser window. (jsmol)
3-D Graphic Examples of Atomic Orbitals
modified from Thomas Chasteen shows electron probability density.
Be sure to drag on the orbital picture or turn "spin" on. (jsmol)
The Hydrogen Atomic Orbitals
by R. Spinney shows the radial distribution function and a probability distribution and a 95% surface. Be sure to drag on the orbital picture and use a transparent surface. (jsmol). These pages identify radial nodes as spherical nodes and they identify angular nodes as planar or conical nodes.
See also The First Image Ever of a Hydrogen Atom's Orbital Structure
, G. Dvorsky at Gizmodo summarizes A. S. Stodolna, A. Rouzée, F. Lépine, S. Cohen, F. Robicheaux, A. Gijsbertsen, J. H. Jungmann, C. Bordas, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Phys Rev Lett
, 110, 213001 (2013)
by L. Bruce Railsback