Beloit College > Chemistry > Solid State Chemistry

Solids are an important part of our materials-intensive world and at the foundation of many emerging technologies. This course focuses on the relationships among structure, composition, and periodic properties; the characterization of atomic and molecular arrangements in crystalline and amorphous solids such as metals, minerals, ceramics, semiconductors and proteins; and applications to the fields of electronics, optics, magnetics, catalysis, and energy generation and storage. Laboratory work emphasizes the synthesis, purification and characterization of inorganic compounds. Three class periods and one laboratory period per week. Offered each fall.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 220 or Chemistry 230 or Geology 200 or Physics 210.

Course Syllabus

Chemical Hazard Evaluations
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Hydrogen Atom Wave Functions
Download Radial Distribution and Angular Function Program: Mac | Windows | Linux by G. Lisensky

Hydrogen Atom Orbital Viewer by Paul Falstad. Under the View menu, unselect "Energy" but keep the "Phase as Color" option. When the colors look good, choose "Stopped" in the window so the phase does not keep changing. Note that you can drag the orbital to look at it from different sides. Drag the applet window to fill the browser window and then print the browser window. (jsmol)

3-D Graphic Examples of Atomic Orbitals modified from Thomas Chasteen shows electron probability density. Be sure to drag on the orbital picture or turn "spin" on. (jsmol)

Hydrogenic Atomic Orbitals - Single Electron Orbitals by S. Immel. Using this java program requires modified system security settings so it is probably not usable until updated by the author. The program can show orbitals with constant probability surfaces (isosurfaces), represent probability as a dotted model, display angular nodes or show slices through the orbital. Be sure to drag on the orbital picture.

Periodic Table by Michael Dayah

VSEPR (jsmol)

Symmetry Resources by Dean Johnston (jsmol)

Nitrogen dioxide π molecular orbitals

Crystal Structures (jsmol)
Hexagonal Close Packing
Cubic Close Packing
Solid State Structures
ZSM-5 Structure
Interactive Unit Cells
Inorganic Chemistry by Nick Greaves

An Earth Scientist's Periodic Table by L. Bruce Railsback

Organometallic Complexes (jsmol)
Metal Carbonyl Compounds
Sandwich Compounds
Metal-Metal Bonds

Space Groups
Download Spacegroup program: Mac | Windows | Linux


How to Read and Understand the International Tables for Crystallography A, J. Appl. Cryst. (2010) 43, 11501171
International Tables for Crystallography A, the standard reference for space group symmetry
Space Group Equivalent Position Tables from the Bilbao Crystallographic Server
Space Group Diagrams from Birkbeck College, University of London. (These diagrams combine the symmetry elements and the equivalent position diagrams and are rotated compared to the International Tables.)
Welcome to the world of crystallography from CSIC, Madrid
Crystallography from University of Oklahoma

iORTEP Program
Download iORTEP: Mac | Windows | Linux | Sample data

Data for ORTEP problems

Bioinorganic Structures
Metalloprotein Structures (jsmol)
Metal Sites in Proteins Database, Edinburgh
Protein Data Bank, Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics

Final project files

Last updated December 4, 2017 by George Lisensky

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