Environment Ministries, Agencies and NGOs

1. Nitrogen and Sulfur Oxide Emissions by Country

Important data for all groups!

2. Links for regional groups (Click the triangle)

 Norway/Sweden

Miljø Direktoratet (Norwegian Environment Agency)
State of the Environment - Acid Rain (2018)
Deposition Maps of Sulphur ("svovel") and Nitrogen 1978-2011 (2016 copy)
Areas where critical loads are exceeded (2018)
Reduced Acidification (2018)
Norway Online
Norwegian Environmental Technology - Chapter 4 pdf (2010 copy) or pdf (2013 copy)
Naturvårdsverket (Swedish Environmental Protection Agency)
Swedish Environmental Policy: Acid Rain pdf (1999 copy)
Sweden's Environmental Objectives: Natural Acidification Only (2016), pdf (2012), pdf (2008), or pdf (2007 copy)
Environmental quality criteria for the forest landscape pdf (2007 copy)
Environmental quality criteria for the agricultural landscape pdf (2007 copy)
Environmental quality criteria for groundwater pdf (2007 copy) or pdf (2000)
Environmental quality criteria for the lakes and watercourses pdf (2000)
Effects of nitrogen deposition on Forest Ecosystems pdf (2000)
Recovery from Acidification in the Natural Environment pdf (1999)
Luftförorenings- och klimatsekretariatet (Swedish Air Pollution & Climate Secretariat)
Air and the Environment or pdf (2004)
See Chapter 2. Air pollution and nature, Chapter 3. Air pollution and man, and Chapter 5. Acidification
Acidification (2008)
Health Impact of Emissions from Large Point Sources or pdf (2006)
Swedish University of Agricultural Science (Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet)
Exchangeable base cations: maps and pdf (2018 copy), or original Swedish
Replaceable aluminum and total acidity: maps and pdf (2018 copy), or original Swedish
Cation exchange capacity and base saturation: maps and pdf (2018 copy), or original Swedish
UNECE Forestry Department (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
Clearing the air pdf (2009)
Maintenance of Forest Ecosystem Health and Vitality pdf (2011)
Base Saturation Map pdf (2011 copy)
Case Study (Sweden)
Freshwater Acidification (1999 copy)
European Modeling and Evaluation Program (emep)
Officially reported emission data
Environmental Science & Technology
Modeling Future Acidification and Fish Populations in Norwegian Surface Waters or pdf, ES&T 44(14), 5345-5351(2010)
Coordination Centre for Effects (Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution UNECE)
Final Report: European critical loads: database, biodiversity and ecosystems at risk or pdf (2017)
See main report and reports for Norway and for Sweden.
Coal
Energy Use in Sweden (2018)
Norwegian industry plans to up fossil fuel production despite Paris pledge, Guardian (2016)
Coal production and consumption in Norway, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Coal production and consumption in Sweden, U.S. Energy Information Administration

 Germany/Poland/Czech Republic

Umweltbundesamt (German Environment Agency)
State of the Environment and Agriculture in Germany pdf (2011) or Critical Loads for Acidification (2011 copy)
State of the Environment pdf (2006) or Air and Soil (2006 copy)
Air and Air Pollution Control: Acidification pdf (2011 copy)
Environmental Data Graphs (in German)
Emissions of air pollutants 1990-2016
SO2 1985-2008 and NO2 1990-2008 maps
NO2 2001-2017 single year maps (See pdf links at bottom of page)
"pH-Wertes" (pH-Values) and "Ionenkonzentrationen" (ion concentrations) found in precipitation, 1982-2011 (copy)
Sulphur Dioxide (2013)
Emissions of air pollutants on steep decline since reunification (2012)
Impacts of air pollution on human health, ecosystems and cultural heritage, LRTAP pdf (2010 copy)
Botany Online (Universität Hamburg, Department Biologie)
Air Pollution, Acid Rain, and Forest Damage (2003)
Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung (German Senate Department for Urban Development)
Effects of Long-term Pollution Load on the Forest Ecosystem (1997)
International Co-operative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests
25 Years of Monitoring Forests or pdf (2010 copy)
German National Forest Condition Report or pdf (2012 copy) or pdf (2009 copy)
Cause-effect Relationships of Forest Ecosystems or pdf (2002 copy)
The response of soil solution chemistry in European forests to decreasing acid deposition, Global Change Biology, 24, 3603-3619 (2018).
Inspekcja Ochrony Środowiska (Polish State Inspectorate for Environmental Protection)
State of the Environment (1998 copy)
State of the Environment (2018). See emissions and atmospheric precipitation pH copy
European Environment Agency
State of the Poland Environment (2015)
Kabinet environmentálních studi (Charles University Environment Center, Czech Republic)
State of the Environment. See chapter 3a pdf (2003)
Èeský geologický ústav (Czech Geological Survey)
Acidification and Eutrophication of Soil and Water in the Czech Republic (2003 copy)
Ministerstvo životního prostředí (Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic)
State of Environment Reports. See Emissions of Acidifying Substances pdf (2014 copy) and pdf (2015 copy)
Air Pollution & Climate Secretariat (Luftförorenings- och klimatsekretariatet)
Health Impact of Emissions from Large Point Sources or pdf (2006)
UNEP Global Resource Information Database
Acid Rain in Europe (1993), large map copy
European Soil Portal
Soil pH map (2009) copy
State of Soil Report contains critical load map (1980 vs 2010) map copy
UNECE Forestry Department (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe)
Clearing the air pdf (2009)
Maintenance of Forest Ecosystem Health and Vitality pdf (2011) contains Base Saturation Map pdf (2011 copy)
Case Study
Czech Republic (1999 copy)
European Modeling and Evaluation Program (emep)
Officially reported emission data
Environmental Science & Technology
Recovery of Acidified European Surface Waters or pdf, ES&T 39(3), 64A-72A (2005)
Coordination Centre for Effects (Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution UNECE)
Final Report: European critical loads: database, biodiversity and ecosystems at risk or pdf (2017).
See main report and reports for Czech Republic, for Germany, and for Poland.
Coal
Largest Coal Consuming Countries, Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future (2012)
Germany's Coal Addiction (Video), New York Times (2014) or youtube
Why 'Green' Germany Remains Addicted to Coal, New York Times, October 10, 2018 or pdf copy
German expert panel agrees on 2038 deadline to end coal use, Associated Press, January 26, 2019 or pdf copy
Coal production and consumption in Germany, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Coal production and consumption in Poland, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Coal production and consumption in Czech Republic, U.S. Energy Information Administration

 England/Scotland

National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory
Acidification and Eutrification or NO2 or SO2 by sector and year (1981-2016)
Emissions maps (2016) or SO2 or NOx (2016 copy)
United Kingdom Acid Waters Monitoring Network
About the AWMN
Annual Reports or pdf (2016)
Extensive data for each site
Scottish Environmental Protection Agency
Air Quality Reports: pdf (2008 copy) or pdf (1999 copy)
Scotland's Soil Resource or pdf (2006)
State of Scotland's Environment pdf (2006 copy)
Scottish Government
Scottish Environmental Statistics Annual Reports or pdf (2016)
Emissions of Sulphur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxides from Large Combustion Plants pdf (copy)
Sensitive Habitats Exceeding Critical Loads for Acidification and Eutrophication pdf (copy)
Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs
Acid Rain Reports: Acidifying Pollutants pdf (2015)
National Expert Group on Transboundary Air Pollution
NEGTAP Final Report pdf (2001 copy)
UK Office for National Statistics
Acid Rain Precursor Emissions by Industry and Gas 1990-2016 or Excel sheet (2018)
UK Air Pollution Information System
Acid deposition (2015)
Luftförorenings- och klimatsekretariatet (Air Pollution & Climate Secretariat)
Health Impact of Emissions from Large Point Sources or pdf (2006)
Case Study
United Kingdom (1999 copy)
European Modeling and Evaluation Program (emep)
Officially reported emission data
Environmental Science & Technology
Hydrochloric Acid: An Overlooked Driver of Environmental Change or pdf, ES&T Feb 2, 2011
Coordination Centre for Effects (Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution UNECE)
Final Report: European critical loads: database, biodiversity and ecosystems at risk or pdf (2017)
See main report and report for United Kingdom.
Coal
Coal power generation declines in United Kingdom as natural gas, renewables grow, US Energy Information Discussions (2013)
UK's coal plants to be phased out within 10 years, BBC (2015)
Coal production and consumption in United KIngdom, U.S. Energy Information Administration

 Canada/US

United States Environmental Protection Agency
Acid Rain Home
Progress Reports (2016)
Emission Reductions (2016)
United States Geological Survey
Acid Rain and Our Nation's Capital (1997)
Soil-Calcium Depletion Linked To Acid Rain And Forest Growth In The Eastern United States pdf (1999 copy)
Water Science School: Acid Rain (2013)
Hubbard Brook Research Foundation
Hubbard Brook Ecosystem
Acid Rain Revisited pdf (2001) and web page
Nitrogen Pollution pdf (2003) and web page
Hubbard Brook: An 8,000-acre Test Tube, Living on Earth (2016)
Fifty Years Of Continuous Precipitation And Stream Chemistry Data From The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (1963–2013), Ecology 98(8), 2224-2224 (2017).
Aluminum Is More Tightly Bound In Soil After Wollastonite Treatment To A Forest Watershed, Forest Ecology and Management, 397, 57-66 (2017)
National Atmospheric Deposition Program
Acid Rain
Maps and Methods
Deposition pH map (1985-2012)
Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides emission report pdf (2007 copy)
Passing the acid test (1998)
Lessons from Little Rock Lake (2007) or pdf
New York State Department of Environmental Conservtion
Sources and Environmental Impacts of Acid Rain and Acid Deposition
ScienceDaily
Wisconsin Lake Study Shows Persistence Of Acid Rain Effects (2000)
NASA Earth Observatory
The Ups and Downs of Sulfur Dioxide in North America (2017)
National Geographic
West Virginia Fights Acid Rain by Dumping Limestone Into Streams (2013)
Environment Canada
Canada-United States Air Quality Agreement Achieves 20 Years of Success in Reducing Acid Rain (March, 2011)
Canada - United States Air Quality Agreement Progress Report pdf (2010 copy)
Air: Acid Rain (2010)
Water: Acid Rain (2010)
Polution Issues: Acid Rain (2018)
Air pollutant emissions (see by pollutant and by sector) or pdf (2018)
An acid rain legacy for Canada’s freshwater lakes (EnviroZine, 93, July 2009 copy)
Acid Rain Still Plaguing Lakes and Loons (Sept/Oct 2000)
Wildlife and Habitat Monitoring (2014)
Pollution Probe (Canada)
The Acid Rain Primer pdf (2006 copy)
Our Changing Planet: Acid Rain (2008)
Case Study
Canada (1999 copy)
Water, Soil, and Air Pollution: Focus
Recovery of Acidified Lakes: Lessons From Sudbury, Ontario, Canada (2007)
International Association of Certified Home Inspectors
Acid Rain and Inspectors: Buildings at Risk
Environmental Science & Technology
Acid precipitation in historical perspective or pdf, ES&T 16(2), 110A-123A (1982)
Effects of Acidic Deposition and Soil Acidification on Sugar Maple Trees in the Adirondack Mountains, New York or pdf, ES&T 47(22), 12687-12694(2013)
Surface Water Quality Is Improving due to Declining Atmospheric N Deposition or pdf, ES&T 47(22), 12687-12694 (2013)
Declining Acidic Deposition Begins Reversal of Forest-Soil Acidification in the Northeastern U.S. and Eastern Canada or pdf, ES&T 49(22), 13103−13111 (2015)
Coal
Largest Coal Consuming Countries, Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future (2012)
Coal production and consumption in United States, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Coal production and consumption in Canada, U.S. Energy Information Administration
U.S. coal consumption in 2018 expected to be the lowest in 39 years, U.S. Energy Information Administration (Dec 2018)

 China/Korea/Japan

生态环境部通报 Ministry of Ecology and Environment (China)
Reports on the State of the Environment (2017)
Atmospheric Environment 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 (pdf copies)
Acid Rain 2000, 1999, 1997
China Water Risk
Report on the State of the Environment (2012)
China Daily
Thermal power worsens acid rain pollution (2004)
Watchdog plans control of acid rain (2004)
One third of nation hit by acid rain (2006)
A hard rain is falling as acid erodes beauty (2011)
Senior official calls for cap on coal consumption (2011)
Challenges in environmental protection still serious (2011)
Emission rules get tougher (2011)
Despite goal, country releases more pollutants (2011)
Learn from EU energy road map (2012)
Acid rain hangs cloud over Guangdong province (2012)
Lingering pollution prompts curbs on auto emissions (2013)
Black diamonds (2013)
Acid rain, haze and noise, threats to Zhejiang (2013)
Past measures saved today's climate (2013)
Prospects for China's Air Pollution Control: Problems and Policy Options (2013)
Capital to wipe out coal use by 2020 (2016)
Liaoning province sees least acid rain in 2017 (2018)
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Implementing SO2 Emissions in China pdf (2003)
World Bank
Cost of Pollution in China: Economic Estimates of Physical Damages pdf (2007)
China Development Gateway
Acid Rain in China (2004 copy)
COSMOS
Acid Rain in China threatening the food chain (2006 copy)
US News & World Report
China Reports Drop In Acid Rain Pollutant (2009)
NDTV
Acid rains make life hard in 258 Chinese cities (2011)
Greenpeace
China halts more than 150 coal-fired power plants (2017)
Earth The Science Behind the Headlines
Acid rain triggered deadly Chinese landslide (2018)
NASA Earth Observatory
Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Fall in China, Rise in India (2017)
Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET)
Acid Deposition and the Environment or pdf (2007 copy)
Clean Air for a Sustainable Future pdf (2009)
Countries' effort and achievements in combating acid deposition pdf (2010)
State of Acid Deposition in East Asia or National Assessments pdf (2016) or pdf (2011)
Japanese Ministry of the Environment
Countermeasures against Acid Deposition (1995)
Acid Rain (1997)
Acid Rain (1998)
State of the Global Environment at a Glance: Acid Deposition (1998)
State of Japan's Environment at a Glance: Air Pollution (1999)
Long-term Acid Deposition Monitoring, pdf (2002)
Report on Acid Deposition Survey (2004)
Report of the Long Term National Acid Deposition Monitoring in Japan pdf (2007)
Annual Report on the Environment in Japan (2018)
Ministry of Environment Republic of Korea
37% of sulfur dioxide comes from China (2006)
Environmental Statistics Yearbook: SO2, NO2, and pH in Korean Cities pdf (2011 copy)
Ecorea White Paper: see Air pdf (2015 copy)
Institute for Security & Development Policy
South Korea’s Air Pollution: Gasping for Solutions (2017)
Corrosion Science and Technology
Corrosivity of Atmospheres on the Korean Peninsula CS&T 10(4) 109-117 (2011 copy) Maps of pH, SO2 and NO2
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
Changes in pH, CEC and Exchangeable Acidity of Some Forest Soils in Southern China During the Last 32–35 Years WA&SP 108(3), 377-390 (1998)
World Resources Institute
Acid rain: Downpour in Asia (1998 copy)
BBC
China Hit by Acid Rain (2006)
Environmental Science & Technology
Acid Rain in China or pdf, ES&T 40(2), 418-425 (2006)
Soil Acidification in China: Is Controlling SO2 Emissions Enough? or pdf, ES&T 43(21) 8021-8026 (2009)
Response of Surface Water Acidification in Upper Yangtze River to SO2 Emissions Abatement in China or pdf, ES&T 45(8) 3275-3281 (2011)
Deposition and Leaching of Sulfur, Nitrogen and Calcium in Four Forested Catchments in China: Implications for Acidification or pdf, ES&T 45(4) 1192-1198 (2011)
Nitrogen Oxides Emissions from Thermal Power Plants in China: Current Status and Future Predictions or pdf, ES&T 47(19) 111350-11357 (2013)
Monitoring Effect of SO2 Emission Abatement on Recovery of Acidified Soil and Streamwater in Southwest China or pdf, ES&T 51(17), 9498-9506 (2017)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
Sulfur dioxide and primary carbonaceous aerosol emissions in China and India, 1996–2010 or pdf, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9839-9864, (2011)
Fig. 2. SO2 emissions by sector and fuel type in China and India during 1996–2010 pdf (2011 copy)
Coal
Largest Coal Consuming Countries, Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future (2012)
China consumes nearly as much coal as the rest of the world combined, US Energy Information Discussions (2013)
Coal production and consumption in China, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Coal production and consumption in Japan, U.S. Energy Information Administration
Coal production and consumption in Korea, U.S. Energy Information Administration

 India

Down to Earth
Acid rain arriving soon in India (1999)
India Environment Portal
Industrialisation bringing acid rain to India (2007)
Ministry of Environment and Forest
Acid Rain Status in India – an update (2008 copy)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
Sulfur dioxide and primary carbonaceous aerosol emissions in China and India, 1996–2010 or pdf (2011)
Fig. 2. SO2 emissions by sector and fuel type in China and India during 1996–2010 pdf (2011 copy)
Times of India
Pollution turning country's rainfall acidic, says study (2017)
NASA Earth Observatory
Sulfur Dioxide Emissions Fall in China, Rise in India (2017)
Scientific Reports
India Is Overtaking China as the World’s Largest Emitter of Anthropogenic Sulfur Dioxide (2017)
Coal
Largest Coal Consuming Countries, Global Energy Assessment - Toward a Sustainable Future (2012)
Coal production and consumption in India, U.S. Energy Information Administration

 Other

Brazil

Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Identification of sensitivity of soils to acidic deposition or (pdf) (2004)

Heritage Sites

CyArk
Top 5 Endangered Heritage Sites - Acid Rain (2009)

Cartoons

Acid Rain Exercise (1999 copy)

3. Soil maps

4. Acid Rain and its Environmental Effects

Acidification in a Global Perspective, Ambio, 18(3), 155-160 (1989)

Papers from the Ninth International Conference on Acid Deposition
Atmospheric Environment, Volume 146, Pages 1-346 (December 2016)


External Links | What Happens to Acid Rain? | ChemConnections
Links verified 12/29/2018 but goverments and agencies do frequently change their page addresses.