Beloit College > Chemistry > Solid State Chemistry

Solids are an important part of our materials-intensive world and at the foundation of many emerging technologies. This course focuses on the relationships among structure, composition, and periodic properties; the characterization of atomic and molecular arrangements in crystalline and amorphous solids such as metals, minerals, ceramics, semiconductors and proteins; and applications to the fields of electronics, optics, magnetics, catalysis, and energy generation and storage. Laboratory work emphasizes the synthesis, purification and characterization of inorganic compounds. Three class periods and one laboratory period per week. Offered each fall.

Prerequisite: Chemistry 220 or Chemistry 230 or Geology 200 or Physics 210.

Course Syllabus

Chemical Hazard Evaluations
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Hydrogen Atom Wave Functions
Download Radial Distribution and Angular Function Program: Mac | Windows | Linux by G. Lisensky

Hydrogen Atom Orbital Viewer by Paul Falstad. Under menu/view, unselect energy. When the colors look good you might also want to choose "stopped" in the window so the phase does not keep changing. Note that you can drag the orbital to look at it from different sides. There does not seem to be a print option so use screen capture to collect images. (For OSX use command-shift 4 and then drag a box to capture the image. For Windows hold the Alt key down while pressing Print Screen to capture the active window.) Most browsers require you to give permission to run Java. (Note: Java does not run in Mac 32 bit Chrome for OSX 10.7+.)

3-D Graphic Examples of Atomic Orbitals modifed from Thomas Chasteen shows electron probability density. Be sure to drag on the orbital picture or turn "spin" on.

Hydrogenic Atomic Orbitals - Single Electron Orbitals by S. Immel. You can show orbitals with constant probability surfaces (isosurfaces) or represent probability as a dotted model. You can display angular nodes or show slices through the orbital. Be sure to drag on the orbital picture. Most browsers require you to give permission to run Java. Firefox recommended on mac. (Note: Java does not run in Mac 32 bit Chrome for OSX 10.7+.)

Periodic Table by Michael Dayah


Symmetry Resources by Dean Johnston

Nitrogen dioxide π molecular orbitals

Crystal Structures
Hexagonal Close Packing
Cubic Close Packing
Solid State Structures
ZSM-5 Structure

An Earth Scientist's Periodic Table by L. Bruce Railsback

Organometallic Complexes
Metal Carbonyl Compounds
Sandwich Compounds
Metal-Metal Bonds

Space Groups
Download Spacegroup program: Mac | Windows | Linux

How to Read and Understand the International Tables for Crystallography A, J. Appl. Cryst. (2010) 43, 11501171
International Tables for Crystallography A, the standard reference for space group symmetry
Space Group Equivalent Position Tables from the Bilbao Crystallographic Server
Space Group Diagrams from University College London (These diagrams combine the symmetry elements and the equivalent position diagrams and are rotated compared to the International Tables.)
Welcome to the world of crystallography from CSIC, Madrid
Crystallography from University of Oklahoma

iORTEP Program
Download iORTEP: Mac | Windows | Linux | Sample data

Data for ORTEP problems

Bioinorganic Structures
Metalloprotein Structures
Metal Sites in Proteins Database
Protein Data Bank

Final project images

Last updated November 15, 2014 by George Lisensky